Thyroid Problems Specialist

Central Florida Primary Care

Primary Care Practice & Preventative Care located in Winter Park, FL & Orlando, FL

Your thyroid is a small gland in your neck that produces hormones that regulate your metabolism and heart rate. Thyroid problems occur if your body is producing too many or too few of these essential hormones. Pedro Ortega, MD at Central Florida Primary Care, with offices in Winter Park and the MetroWest Community of Orlando, Florida, provides expert medical care to all adults and can assess thyroid health, and provide the appropriate treatment. Call today or schedule an appointment using the online booking button.

Thyroid Problems Q & A

What is the thyroid?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck that’s responsible for making and secreting the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. These hormones control how your body uses energy or the number of calories you burn and affect every organ in your body. Thyroid problems affect the production of these hormones, which often leads to a cascade of symptoms.

What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is when your body isn’t producing enough thyroid hormones to support normal body function. Common symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Puffy face
  • Dry skin or thinning hair
  • Depression
  • Difficulty remembering things

Anyone can develop hypothyroidism, but it most often occurs in women, especially those over age 60. Central Florida Primary Care is a full-service medical practice and can diagnose hypothyroidism with a blood test conducted at the office.

How is hypothyroidism treated?

Dr. Ortega treats hypothyroidism with a synthetic thyroid hormone called levothyroxine. Once initiated, you’ll begin to notice an improvement in your symptoms within two weeks.

Hypothyroidism is a chronic condition, so you’ll need to take the medication for the rest of your life. Dr. Ortega closely monitors your thyroid levels and adjusts your medication as needed.

What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism, also referred to as overactive thyroid, occurs when your thyroid gland produces excessive amounts of thyroid hormones. Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Feelings of nervousness or anxiety
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Thinning hair or brittle skin

A number of conditions can increase production of thyroid hormones, including Graves’ disease, thyroiditis, and Plummer’s disease.

Dr. Ortega can determine if your symptoms are related to hyperthyroidism after a thorough examination and blood test. If your blood test indicates elevated hormone levels, Dr. Ortega will recommend additional testing, which can include a thyroid ultrasound or scan, or radioiodine uptake test, to determine the cause.

How is hyperthyroidism treated?

Dr. Ortega creates individualized treatment plans to help manage hyperthyroidism based on your age, health, and severity of your condition. Treatment can include:

  • Radioactive iodine to shrink your thyroid gland
  • Anti-thyroid medication
  • Beta-blockers

If the medication fails to improve your hormone levels, a thyroidectomy – surgical removal of your thyroid – might be considered, although, this is very rarely recommended.

For management of your thyroid problems, call Central Florida Primary Care, or schedule an appointment using the online booking button.