Diabetes is known as an illness that affects the human body when blood sugar is too high. Blood glucose is our main source of energy and originates from the food you eat. Insulin, and a hormone found in the pancreas, enables gluocse from food to enter our cells to be used for energy. However, there are scenarios that can come into play where your body doesn't make enough...or any insulin or the insulin that is produced is not used well. Glucose then remains in your blood, never making it to your cells. 

If this retention occurs for a prolonged period, then the very glucose in your blood can lead to health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, steps can be taken to control your diabetes and stay healthy. Every case of this illness should be taken seriously.

Three common types of Diabetes

  •  Type 1: 
    • In this form, your body does not make any insulin. This causes your immune system to attack and destroy cells in your pancreas that create insulin. It is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at virtually any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive. 
  • Type 2:
    •  In this form of diabetes, your body either does not make or use insulin efficiently. You can be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at any age, including childhood. However, it is most seen in middle-aged and elderly people. It is known by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIH) as the most common type of diabetes worldwide. 
  • Gestational diabetes:
    •  This type is most often diagnosed in women during their pregnancy. It usually resolves on its own once the baby is born. But, if you have had this type of diabetes, it increases your risk of being diagnosed with type 2 later in your life. 


How common is diabetes? Approximately 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 percent of the populace, had this health condition according to the National Diabetes Statistical Report found under the CDC.

To view the full report, please visit: https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics/statistics-report.html  

More than 1 in 4 of them didn't know they were living with this disease. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 90-95% perent of cases in adults are type 2 diabetes. 

Who is most at risk of developing type 2 diabetes? The risk is greatest for those ages 45 or older that have a family history of diabetes, or is overweight. In addition, Physical inactivity, race, and certain health problems such as high blood pressure also impact the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. Moreover, you are more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes during a pregnancy.

Health conditions that can arise from Diabetes.

  1.  Heart disease
  2.  Stroke
  3.  Kidney disease
  4.  Eye Problems
  5.  Dental disease
  6.  Nerve damage
  7.  Foot problem

Make sure you are educated on all of the preventive measures so you and your loved ones are protected against this disease.